Carabao is a beast of burden on Philippine farms. It was one of the livestock used to figure out the correct caliber of bullets to kill Filipinos in the Philippine-American war. See Colt .45. Killing a carabao was just as bad as burning rice. SeeBurning Rice.
Colt .45 and juramentados go together. The United States Army shipped Colt .45s in 1902 as the only weapon effective against the juramentados, in sum, that is, all Filipinos, who seemed really not to like people invading their lands, but kay ano bakit wherefore why?
Juramentado, popular in the lexicon of Americans in the Philippines, comes from the Spanish word juramentar, to swear. Its cute coinage, origin the Philippines, is from Spanish priests, who came up with the term in dealing with their Moro problem, the Muslim population in the south whom neither Spain nor America broke (or even the current Philippine government for that matter, but that story belongs in a different book). Juramentados were Moros sworn to kill Christians invading their Moro lands, hence, juramentados were all Muslims, according to the priests. A similar misapplication arises with the term jihadist.
The Colt .45 on the other hand was the bomb. Here is a description of the death of a Filipino in Muddy Glory: America’s Indian Wars in the Philippines:
“…he was finally felled by a .45 slug through both ears…he had thirty-two Krag balls through him and was only stopped by a Colt .45—the thirty-third bullet.”
Huzzah! Thus, the U.S. Army replaced the useless Colt .38s and shipped new Colt .45s to the Philippines in 1902. Further experiments on ‘both cadaver and livestock’ to determine the best bullet were undertaken in 1903: “It is desired that the board convene at the Springfield Armory…to draw up…a program of experiments and tests which it shall desire to make.” Well, how now the carabao! Turns out the minimum caliber acceptable on cadaver and lifestock was, of course, the .45. (Great thanks for the exacting, clinical research by John Potocki in his book The Colt M1905 Automatic Pistol! :)
The Colt .38 was useless against the magical people of Samar. Here’s a blow by blow account by a sharp critic of that terrible, useless shambles of a machine, the Colt .38, in gunsandsword.com: “One of the most graphic references about lack of stopping power comes from Colonel Louis A. LaGarde, M.D. in his classic text, Gunshot Injuries, published in 1916:
Antonio Caspi a prisoner on the Island of Samar, P.I. attempted to escape on Oct. 26, 1905. He was shot four times at close range in a hand-to-hand encounter by a .38 Colt's revolver loaded with U.S. Army regulation ammunition... 1. Bullet entered chest near right nipple, passed upward, backwards bla bla bla. 2. Bullet entered chest through left nipple, passed upwards, backwards and bla bla bla. 3. Bullet entered chest near left shoulder, passing downwards bla bla bla. 4. Bullet entered through palm of left hand and passed through subcutaneous tissues and escaped through bla bla bla. Treated at military hospital, Borongan, Samar. Tu...